GLOSSARY

Glossary

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There are currently 41 names in this directory
Aggregate(s)/Khandha(s) (five):
Heap; group; aggregate. Physical and mental components of the personality and of sensory experience in general. The five bases of clinging (see upadāna). See: nāma (mental phenomenon), rūpa (physical phenomenon), vedanā (feeling), saññā (perception), saṅkhāra (mental fashionings), and viññāṇa (consciousness).
Akusala
Unwholesome, unskillful, demeritorious. See its opposite, kusala.
Altruistic joy
See muditā.
Anāgāmī
Non-returner. A person who has abandoned the five lower fetters that bind the mind to the cycle of rebirth (see saṃyojana), and who after death will appear in one of the Brahma worlds called the Pure Abodes, there to attain nibbāna, never again to return to this world.
Ananda
One of the Buddha’s principle disciples; his cousin and last attendan
Ānāpānasati
Mindfulness of breathing. A meditation practice in which one maintains one's attention and mindfulness on the sensations of breathing. More
Anattā
non-self, not-self; ownerless. More
Anicca (impermanence)
Inconstant; unsteady; impermanent.
Anupubbī-kathā
Gradual instruction. The Buddha's method of teaching Dhamma that guides his listeners progressively through increasingly advanced topics: generosity (see dāna), virtue (see sīla), heavens, drawbacks, renunciation, and the four Noble Truths. More
Anusaya
Obsession; underlying tendency. (The etymology of this term means "lying down with"; in actual usage, the related verb (anuseti) means to be obsessed.) There are seven major obsessions to which the mind returns over and over again: obsession with sensual passion (kāma-rāgānusaya), with resistance (paṭighānusaya), with views (diṭṭhānusaya), with uncertainty (vicikicchānusaya), with conceit (mānānusaya), with passion for becoming (bhava-rāgānusaya), and with ignorance (avijjānusaya).Compare saṃyojana.
Arahat (also Arahant)
A "worthy one" or "pure one"; a person whose mind is free of defilement (see kilesa), who has abandoned all ten of the fetters that bind the mind to the cycle of rebirth (see saṃyojana), whose heart is free of mental effluents (see āsava), and who is thus not destined for further rebirth. A title for the Buddha and the highest level of his noble disciples. A fully awakened one. ārammaṇa: Preoccupation; mental object.
Āsava
Mental effluent, pollutant, or fermentation. Four qualities — sensuality, views, becoming, and ignorance — that "flow out" of the mind and create the flood of the round of death and rebirth. See Sabbasava Sutta MN2 https://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/mn/mn.002.bpit.html. Also see the sutta on passion, averson, & delusion. Titthiya Sutta: Sectarians https://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/an/an03/an03.068.than.html See also: SN 46.51
Avijjā
Unawareness; ignorance; obscured awareness; delusion about the nature of the mind. See also moha. More
Awakening
See Enlightenment.
Becoming/ bhava
States of being that develop first in the mind and can then be experienced as internal worlds and/or as worlds on an external level. There are three levels of becoming: on the sensual level, the level of form, and the level of formlessness.
Bhāvanā
Mental cultivation or development; meditation. The third of the three grounds for meritorious action. See also dāna and sīla. More
Bhikkhu
A Buddhist monk; a man who has given up the householder's life to live a life of heightened virtue (see sīla) in accordance with the Vinaya in general, and the Pātimokkha rules in particular. See saṅgha, parisā, upasampadā. More
Bhikkhunī
A Buddhist monk; a man who has given up the householder's life to live a life of heightened virtue (see sīla) in accordance with the Vinaya in general, and the Pātimokkha rules in particular. See saṅgha, parisā, upasampadā. More
Bodhi-pakkhiya-dhammā
"Wings to Awakening" — seven sets of principles that are conducive to Awakening and that, according to the Buddha, form the heart of his teaching: [1] the four frames of reference (see satipaṭṭhāna); [2] four right exertions (sammappadhāna) — the effort to prevent unskillful states from arising in the mind, to abandon whatever unskillful states have already arisen, to give rise to the good, and to maintain the good that has arisen; [3] four bases of success (iddhipāda) — desire, persistence, intentness, circumspection; [4] five dominant factors (indriya) — conviction, persistence, mindfulness, concentration, discernment; [5] five strengths (bala) — identical with [4]; [6] seven factors for Awakening (bojjhaṅga) — mindfulness, investigation of phenomena, persistence, rapture (see pīti), serenity, concentration, equanimity; and [7] the eightfold path (magga) — Right View, Right Attitude, Right Speech, Right Activity, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration. More
Bodhisatta
"A being (striving) for Awakening"; the term used to describe the Buddha before he actually become Buddha, from his first aspiration to Buddhahood until the time of his full Awakening. Sanskrit form: Bodhisattva.
Brahmā
"Great One" — an inhabitant of the non-sensual heavens of form or formlessness. More
Brahma-vihāra
The four "sublime" or "divine" abodes that are attained through the development of boundless mettā (goodwill), karuṇā (compassion), muditā(appreciative joy), and upekkhā(equanimity).
Brahman (from Pali brāhmaṇa)
The brahman (brahmin) caste of India has long maintained that its members, by their birth, are worthy of the highest respect. Buddhism borrowed the term brahman to apply to those who have attained the goal, to show that respect is earned not by birth, race, or caste, but by spiritual attainment. Used in the Buddhist sense, this term is synonymous with arahant. buddho: Awake; enlightened. An epithet for the Buddha.
Buddha
The name given to one who rediscovers for himself the liberating path of Dhamma, after a long period of its having been forgotten by the world. According to tradition, a long line of Buddhas stretches off into the distant past. The most recent Buddha was born Siddhattha Gotama in India in the sixth century BCE. A well-educated and wealthy young man, he relinquished his family and his princely inheritance in the prime of his life to search for true freedom and an end to suffering (dukkha). After seven years of austerities in the forest, he rediscovered the "middle way" and achieved his goal, becoming Buddha. More
Citta
Mind; heart; state of consciousness.
Clear comprehension
See sampajañña.
Clinging
See upādāna.
Compassion (Karuna)
sympathy; the aspiration to find a way to be truly helpful to oneself and others. One of the four "sublime abodes" (brahma-vihāra).
Concentration (samādhi)
the practice of centering the mind in a single sensation or preoccupation, usually to the point of jhāna. More
Conditioning
refers to the process in which everything comes into existence due to myriad, co-arising mental and material phenomena. All phenomena arise and vanish, making everything inherently ephemeral and devoid of an enduring core. This cascading process continues ceaselessly, is often outside of awareness, yet drives decisions and behaviors. Lack of insight into ceaseless change (anicca) allows craving (taṇhā) to arise when pleasant contact occurs or aversion (dosa) when unpleasant contact occurs. Suffering ensues when unstable, unpredictable, and perishing phenomena are mistakenly considered reliable sources of well-being, safety, and happiness, and are therefore pursued. See paṭicca-samuppāda for more information on conditioning. (IMV)
Confidence
See pasāda.
Consciousness
See viññāṇa.
Craving
taṇhā; thirst.
D
Dependent origination/dependent arising/ dependent co-arising
A map showing the way the aggregates (khandha) and sense media (āyatana) interact with ignorance (avijjā) and craving (taṇhā) to bring about stress and suffering (dukkha). As the interactions are complex, there are several versions of paṭicca-samuppāda given in the suttas. In the most common one, the map starts with ignorance. In another common one, the map starts with the interrelation between name (nāma) and form (rūpa) on the one hand, and sensory consciousness (viññāṇa) on the other. More:SN 12.2, DN 15
Dhamma-vinaya
"doctrine (dhamma) and discipline (vinaya)." The Buddha's own name for the religion he founded.
Dhammapada
A collection of verses believed to have been said by the Buddha and found in the Khuddaka Nikaya, the last of the five collections (nikayas) in the Sutta Pitaka (the collection of suttas or teachings given by the Buddha or one of his chief disciples).https://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/kn/dhp/dhp.intro.budd.html
Dhana
Treasure(s). The seven qualities of conviction (saddhā), virtue (sīla), conscience & concern (hiri-ottappa), learning (suta), generosity (dāna), and wisdom (paññā).
Dharma/ dhamma
(1) Event; a phenomenon in and of itself; (2) mental quality; (3) doctrine, teaching; (4) nibbāna. Also, principles of behavior that human beings ought to follow so as to fit in with the right natural order of things; qualities of mind they should develop so as to realize the inherent quality of the mind in and of itself. By extension, "Dhamma" (usu. capitalized) is used also to denote any doctrine that teaches such things. Thus the Dhamma of the Buddha denotes both his teachings and the direct experience of nibbāna, the quality at which those teachings are aimed.
Dosa
Aversion; hatred; anger. One of three unwholesome roots (mūla) in the mind.
Dukkha
Stress; suffering; pain; distress; discontent.More

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